Refrigerantes Potenciales de Degradación del Ozono

Potenciales de Degradación del Ozono 

 Compilado por Rolando Delgado Castillo y Rafaela Pérez Marchena

   Versión en español                                                                       English version

Nombre Tiempo de vida  años PDO1 (OMM) 20021)

PDO2 (Protocolo de Montreal)

PDO3 (40 CFR)
PDO para CFCs
CFC-11 (CCl3F)
Triclorofluormetano
45 1.0 1.0 1.0
CFC-12 (CCl2F2)
Diclorodifluormetano
100 1.0 1.0 1.0
CFC-113 (C2F3Cl3)
1,1,2-Triclorotrifluoretano
85 1.0 0.8 1.0
CFC-114 (C2F4Cl2)
Diclorotetrafluoretano
300 0.94 1.0 1.0
CFC-115 (C2F5Cl)
Monocloropentafluoretano
1700 0.44 0.6 0.6
CFC-13 (CF3Cl)
Clorotrifluormetano
640 1.0 1.0 1.0
CFC-111 (C2FCl5)
Pentaclorofluoretano
  1.0 1.0 1.0
CFC-112 (C2F2Cl4)
Tetraclorodifluoretano
  1.0 1.0 1.0
CFC-211 (C3FCl7)
Heptaclorofluorpropano
  1.0 1.0 1.0
CFC-212 (C3F2Cl6)
Hexaclorodifluorpropano
  1.0 1.0 1.0
CFC-213 (C3F3Cl5)
Pentaclorotrifluorpropano
  1.0 1.0 1.0
CFC-214 (C3F4Cl4)
Tetraclorotetrafluorpropano
  1.0 1.0 1.0
CFC-215 (C3F5Cl3)
Tricloropentafluorpropano
  1.0 1.0 1.0
CFC-216 (C3F6Cl2)
Diclorohexafluorpropano
  1.0 1.0 1.0
CFC-217 (C3F7Cl)
Cloroheptafluorpropano
  1.0 1.0 1.0
 

PDO para HCFCs

HCFC-21 (CHFCl2)
Diclorofluormetano
1.7 0.04 0.04  
HCFC-22 (CHF2Cl)
Monoclorodifluormetano
12.0 0.05 0.055 0.05
HCFC-31 (CH2FCl)
Monoclorofluormetano
  0.02 0.02  
HCFC-121 (C2HFCl4)
Tetraclorofluoretano
  0.0 1 - 0.04 0.01- 0.04  
HCFC-122 (C2HF2Cl3)
Triclorodifluoretano
  0.02 - 0.08 0.02 - 0.08  
HCFC-123 (C2HF3Cl2)
Diclorotrifluoretano
1.3 0.02 0.02 - 0.06 0.02
HCFC-124 (C2HF4Cl)
Monoclorotetrafluoretano
5.8 0.02 0.02 - 0.04 0.02
HCFC-131 (C2H2FCl3)
Triclorofluoretano
  0.007 - 0.05 0.007 - 0.05  
HCFC-132b (C2H2F2Cl2)
Diclorodifluoretano
  0.008 - 0.05 0.008 - 0.05  
HCFC-133a (C2H2F3Cl)
Monoclorotrifluoretano
  0.02 - 0.06 0.02 - 0.06  
HCFC-141b (C2H3FCl2)
Diclorofluoretano
9.3 0.12 0.11 0.1
HCFC-142b (C2H3F2Cl)
Monoclorodifluoretano
17.9 0.07 0.065 0.06
HCFC-221 (C3HFCl6)
Hexaclorofluorpropano
  0.015 - 0.07 0.015 - 0.07  
HCFC-222 (C3HF2Cl5)
Pentaclorodifluorpropano
  0.01 - 0.09 0.01 - 0.09  
HCFC-223 (C3HF3Cl4)
Tetraclorotrifluorpropano
  0.01 - 0.08 0.01 - 0.08  
HCFC-224 (C3HF4Cl3)
Triclorotetrafluorpropano
  0.01 - 0.09 0.01 - 0.09  
HCFC-225ca (C3HF5Cl2)
Dicloropentafluorpropano
1.9 0.02 0.025  
HCFC-225cb (C3HF5Cl2)
Dicloropentafluorpropano
5.8 0.03 0.033  
HCFC-226 (C3HF6Cl)
Monoclorohexafluorpropano
  0.02 - 0.1 0.02 - 0.1  
HCFC-231 (C3H2FCl5)
Pentaclorofluorpropano
  0.05 - 0.09 0.05 - 0.09  
HCFC-232 (C3H2F2Cl4)
Tetraclorodifluorpropano
  0.008 - 0.1 0.008 - 0.1  
HCFC-233 (C3H2F3Cl3)
Triclorotrifluorpropano
  0.007 - 0.23 0.007 - 0.23  
HCFC-234 (C3H2F4Cl2)
Diclorotetrafluorpropano
  0.01 - 0.28 0.01 - 0.28  
HCFC-235 (C3H2F5Cl)
Monocloropentafluorpropano
  0.03 - 0.52 0.03 - 0.52  
HCFC-241 (C3H3FCl4)
Tetraclorofluorpropano
  0.004 - 0.09 0.004 - 0.09  
HCFC-242 (C3H3F2Cl3)
Triclorodifluorpropano
  0.005 - 0.13 0.005 - 0.13  
HCFC-243 (C3H3F3Cl2)
Diclorotrifluorpropano
  0.007 - 0.12 0.007 - 0.12  
HCFC-244 (C3H3F4Cl)
Monoclorotetrafluorpropano
  0.009 - 0.14 0.009 - 0.14  
HCFC-251 (C3H4FCl3)
Triclorofluorpropano
  0.001 - 0.01 0.001 - 0.01  
HCFC-252 (C3H4F2Cl2)
Diclorodifluorpropano
  0.005 - 0.04 0.005 - 0.04  
HCFC-253 (C3H4F3Cl)
Monoclorotrifluorpropano
  0.003 - 0.03 0.003 - 0.03  
HCFC-261 (C3H5FCl2)
Diclorofluorpropano
  0.002 - 0.02 0.002 - 0.02  
HCFC-262 (C3H5F2Cl)
Monoclorodifluorpropano
  0.002 - 0.02 0.002 - 0.02  
HCFC-271 (C3H6FCl)
Monoclorofluorpropano
  0.001 - 0.03 0.001 - 0.03  
 
PDO para Halones
Halon 1211 (CF2ClBr)
Bromoclorodifluormetano
16 6.0 3.0 3.0
Halon 1301 (CF3Br)
Bromotrifluormetano
65 12 10.0 10.0
Halon 2402 (C2F4Br2)
Dibromotetrafluoretano
20 <8.6 6.0 6.0
 
PDO para sustancias relacionadas
CCl4
Tetracloruro de Carbono
26 0.73 1.1 1.1
 
Metil Cloroformo (C2H3Cl3)
1,1,1-tricloroetano
5.0 0.12 0.1 0.1
 (En periodo final de prohibición)
Bromuro de Metilo (CH3Br) 0.7 0.38 0.6  
 HBFCs (en periodo final de prohibición)
CHFBr2   1.0 1.0  
HBFC-12B1    (CHF2Br)   0.74 0.74  
CH2FBr   0.73 0.73  
C2HFBr4   0.3 - 0.8 0.3-0.8  
C2HF2Br3   0.5 - 1.8 0.5 - 1.8  
C2HF3Br2   0.4 - 1.6 0.4 - 1.6  
C2HF4Br   0.7 - 1.2 0.7 - 1.2  
C2H2FBr3   0.1 - 1.1 0.1 - 1.1  
C2H2F2Br2   0.2 - 1.5 0.2 - 1.5  
C2H2F3Br   0.7 - 1.6 0.7 - 1.6  
C2H3FBr2   0.1 - 1.7 0.1 - 1.7  
C2H3F2Br   0.2 - 1.1 0.2 - 1.1  
C2H4FBr   0.07 - 0.1 0.07 - 0.1  
C3HFBr6   0.3 - 1.5 0.3 - 1.5  
C3HF2Br5   0.2 - 1.9 0.2 - 1.9  
C3HF3Br4   0.3 - 1.8 0.3 - 1.8  
C3HF4Br3   0.5 - 2.2 0.5 - 2.2  
C3HF5Br2   0.9 - 2.0 0.9 - 2.0  
C3HF6Br   0.7 - 3.3 0.7 - 3.3  
C3H2FBr5   0.1 - 1.9 0.1 - 1.9  
C3H2F2Br4   0.2 - 2.1 0.2 - 2.1  
C3H2F3Br3   0.2 - 5.6 0.2 - 5.6  
C3H2F4Br2   0.3 - 7.5 0.3 - 7.5  
C3H2F5Br   0.9 - 1.4 0.9 - 1.4  
C3H3FBr4   0.08 - 1.9 0.08 - 1.9  
C3H3F2Br3   0.1 - 3.1 0.1 - 3.1  
C3H3F3Br2   0.1 - 2.5 0.1 - 2.5  
C3H3F4Br   0.3 - 4.4 0.3 - 4.4  
C3H4FBr3   0.03 - 0.3 0.03 - 0.3  
C3H4F2Br2   0.1 - 1.0 0.1 - 1.0  
C3H4F3Br   0.07 - 0.8 0.07 - 0.8  
C3H5FBr2   0.04 - 0.4 0.04 - 0.4  
C3H5F2Br   0.07 - 0.8 0.07 - 0.8  
C3H6FBr   0.02 - 0.7 0.02 - 0.7  
 
CH2BrCl
Clorobromometano
0.37   0.12 0.12
 
Fuente: US Environmental Protection Agency  Class I and Class II Ozone-Depleting Substances

ÍNDICE